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Plaubel

Plaubel GmbH was founded on November 1, 1902 by Hugo Schrader, who was trained at the famous Voigtländer factory in Braunschweig. In 1900 he found employment in the lens factory of his father-in-law in Frankfurt-Bockenheim, the well-known Dr. Rudolf Krügener.

Plaubel started as a lens manufacturer, famous lenses included the Heli-Orthar, the Anticomar and the Supracomar. Plaubel also made cameras from 1909 onwards beginning with the "Präzisions-Peco", a 9x12cm/10x15cm folding bed field camera. Hugo's brother-in-law, Karl Plaubel, lend his name to the camera series that began to be produced by 1910.

1911 saw the introduction of the first camera part of the long-lived Makina series of press cameras. By 1912, the Stereo-Makina was presented. In 1926 Goetz Schrader joined the company, his first work for Plaubel being the Makinette, a 3x4-on-127 camera. Since 1936 Goetz was responsible for the evolution of the Makina series, which were improved and added the ability to use interchangeable lenses made by Plaubel itself.

After the death of Hugo Schrader his son Goetz Schrader took over the management of the company at around 1940, but was still involved in the development of Plaubel's cameras. In 1950 the Makiflex, a SLR for roll or sheet film with Schneider-Kreuznach lenses, was introduced as an alternative to the Hasselblad systems. However, it wasn't a huge success, and Plaubel focused on the Peco series of monorail cameras. In 1961, together with Brooks of New York, the Veriwide 100 was introduced - a remarkable 6x10cm view finder camera with a fixed Schneider-Kreuznach ultra-wide lens.

Since nobody in Schrader's family wanted to take over the management role after Goetz's step down, the company was sold in 1975 to a japanese retailer, Kimio Doi. In 1979 launched a modernized successor to the Makina, called the Makina 67, in cooperation with Copal (Konica), and from 1981 with Mamiya, using Nikkor lenses. In 1982 followed the Makina W67, with a 55/4.5 Wide-Nikkor lens. The 670 Makina Makina was a modernized remake of the 67 with the same Nikkor 80/2.8 and a couple of new features such as a top hot shoe and the ability to use 220 roll film in addition to 120.

On a completely new housing the end of 1981 presented Plaubel 69W built PROshift with a Schneider Super-Angulon 5.6 / 47 mm. The camera provided a parallel displacement of the lens in two directions (horizontally and vertically 13 mm 15 mm), but was in contrast to the Makinas no built light meter. Apart from a simple frame viewfinder PROshift had a wide-angle telescope viewfinder, which was coupled with the parallel displacement of the lens upwards or sideways.

Following the bankruptcy of Mamiya in March 1984, the production of Makina cameras was still continued for two years, and Doi Group stopped the production of the Makina 67 in 1986. The company still services and repairs this cameras, and continues to produce large format monorail cameras (Peco Profia for 4×5, 5×7 and 8×10 inch) but also a 6×9 monorail camera for digital and roll film (PL69D).



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